Dry eyes are a result of your tear glands not producing enough tears to lubricate your eyes. This sometimes happens due to environmental factors and other times it can be caused by medical conditions and can be painful and uncomfortable. The tear production is diminished, or the tear quality becomes poor, either way, it can cause sensitivity, redness, blurred vision, and a scratchy sensation.
However, there are certain things you can do to deal with dry eyes, and we’ve listed some solutions below:
1. Artificial Tears
Some cases of dry eye are mild, often caused by staring at computer screens, and can be simply dealt with by using artificial tears or any other kind of lubricating eye drops. Since there are tons of options available without a prescription, choosing the right product can be a bit of a challenge. There are “thin” eye drops that are more watery and provide instant relief, but their effects are very short-lived and hence they require frequent use. Then there are gel-like artificial tears too which provide longer-lasting relief but blur your vision for a few minutes, post-application. Additionally, they have different ingredients and only your doctor can tell you which one will suit your condition best so be sure to pay them a visit.
2. Punctual Plugs
A punctual plug is a small device that is inserted into your eye area in one of the openings of your tear drainage ducts in the inner corners of your eyes. Since these openings are plugged or closed, the tears can no longer be drained away through the ducts and therefore stay on the eye longer, thereby relieving you of your dry eye symptoms. Usually, the tears eventually evaporate but if this causes watery eyes, one of the plugs can be removed to maintain adequately lubricated eyes.
3. Warm Compresses
One rather comfortable method of dealing with dry eyes is using warm compresses on them, as they help open up clogged glands and consequently treat dry eyes. The way to do this is to place warm compresses on your closed eyelids for at least 10 minutes, twice a day. However, for it to work, the temperature should be at least 108 degrees Fahrenheit and maintained at that. This method, although the easiest, is often ineffective because people don’t do it the right way or they don’t stick with it, so if you do choose to do this, make sure you follow the instructions above to the dot.
Sometimes in addition to eye drops or other medication, doctors suggest certain nutritional supplements to treat dry eyes also, and these supplements often include omega-3 fatty acids because they help treat dry eyes. If you want to consume more omega-3s, you can include cold-water fish like salmon, sardines, herring, and cod in your diet. Another natural source of omega-3 is flaxseed oil. In addition to this, keeping yourself hydrated will also help with the dry eye because dehydration can make this condition worse.